What is Evidence-Based Practice?
Evidence-Based Nursing is, “an ongoing process by which evidence, nursing theory and the practitioners’ clinical expertise are critically evaluated and considered, in conjunction with patient involvement, to provide delivery of optimum nursing care for the individual” .
EBN is an approach to practice that is intended to improve the safety and effectiveness of nursing care and practices.
6 Steps of EBP: Evidence-based practice consists of six steps:
ASK a Clinical question
SEARCH literatures to see if there is an evidnece to answer your question
APPRAISE the level of evidence of the information you got.
INTEGRATE the findings into your practice
EVALUATE how the practice change went well
DISSEMINATE what you find either by wriitng an article of presenting at a conference
Also consider the Type of Question you are asking and determine what Study Type might be most relevant.
- Most Clinical Questions: Meta-analyses, systematic reviews
- Therapy: Randomized Controlled Trial
- Diagnosis: Prospective, blind controlled trial compared to gold standard
- Prognosis: Cohort study, case control, case series/case report
- Etiology/Harm: Randomized Controlled Trial > Cohort Study > Case control > Case series
A collection of articles from American Journal of Nursing were developed to give nurses the knowledge and skills they need to implement EBP consistently, one step at a time.This series has received the Nursing Media Award for Print from Sigma Theta Tau International Awards for Nursing Excellence.
Evidence-Based Practice, Step by Step
Provided by Penn State University Library